CANNABIS [MARIJUANA) is the most commonly used illegal substance worldwide. About four percent of the world’s population between the ages of 15-64 years is estimated to have used cannabis at least once a year. The predictors of continued cannabis use include early onset and frequent use, male sex, using other illegal substances, and using to enhance positive feelings and reduce negative feelings.
Long-term medical effects of cannabis use include the following. Cannabis smoke contains about three times the amount of tar found in tobacco smoke and 50 percent more carcinogens, irritating the airway causing obstructive lung disease (emphysema) and probably increased risk of lung and bladder cancer. It can cause memory deficits as well as decrease executive functionality and psychomotor speed. Also, it causes decreased testosterone secretion in men, which leads to lower libido; decreased sperm count and motility causing infertility; causes impotence, gynecomastia. There’s also substantial evidence linking cannabis use to psychosis with delusional thoughts.
In addition to increased periodontal disease, cannabis causes adverse psychosocial issues such as school. dropout, interpersonal problems with family and friends, and loss of jobs. Treatment aims to provide sustained abstinence and psychosocial intervention with family support usually on an outpatient basis. If you any questions with regard to marijuana use please contact our office.